The Komatsu

Autonomous Haul Trucks.

by Adam Krawiec
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Komatsu’s journey into the future of mining operations takes a significant leap with its latest autonomous truck, which fully embraces unmanned operation by eliminating the cabin entirely. This innovative approach not only redefines the traditional structure of mining trucks but also significantly enhances operational efficiency and safety.

A New Era of Autonomous Haulage

Since initiating trials of its Autonomous Haulage Systems (AHS) in partnership with Rio Tinto in 2008, Komatsu has successfully demonstrated the capability of this technology by transporting hundreds of millions of tonnes of material across mining sites in Chile and Australia’s Pilbara region. These operations utilized the 930E model, an autonomous haul truck equipped with controls for unmanned operation, wireless networking for communication, and obstacle detection systems. Despite these advanced features, the 930E models retained the conventional appearance of mining trucks, including the driver cabins.


Innovative Autonomous Haulage Vehicle

The introduction of the new „Innovative Autonomous Haulage Vehicle” marks a departure from this design. Powered by a robust 2,014-kW (2,700-hp) engine, this 15-meter (49-ft) long and 8.5-meter (27-ft) wide vehicle revolutionizes the concept of autonomous haulage. By removing the cabin, Komatsu has achieved a design that optimizes weight distribution across all four wheels, enhancing stability and efficiency. The truck’s four-wheel drive and steering systems further improve grip and maneuverability, crucial for the challenging terrains of mining environments.

One of the most groundbreaking features of this vehicle is its ability to move with equal efficiency in both directions, eliminating the need for three-point turns. This capability not only increases productivity by reducing the time required for maneuvering but also minimizes wear and tear on the 59/80R63 tires, contributing to longer operational life and reduced maintenance costs. With a payload capacity of 230 metric tons and a maximum speed of 64 km/h (40 mph), the Innovative Autonomous Haulage Vehicle is designed to meet the high demands of modern mining operations, offering a glimpse into the future of the industry.

Komatsu’s forward-thinking design showcases a commitment to leveraging technology to solve traditional operational challenges, setting a new standard for autonomous vehicles in mining and potentially other industries where unmanned operation can bring significant benefits.

Komatsu’s Innovative Autonomous Haulage Vehicle is designed to redefine the landscape of mining operations with its advanced autonomous capabilities. Below are the detailed specifications that highlight the vehicle’s performance, efficiency, and design features.

Vehicle Performance and Capacity

  • Nominal Gross Vehicle Weight: 416 metric tons
  • Nominal Payload: 230 metric tons
  • Gross Power Output: 2,700 hp (2014 kW)
  • Maximum Speed: 40 mph (64 kph)

Dimensions and Maneuverability

  • Turning Radius: 52 ft. (15.9 m)
  • Total Length: 49 ft. (15 m)
  • Total Width: 28 ft. (8.5 m)


  • Tire Size: 59/80R63

These specifications showcase the vehicle’s robust design and engineering, aimed at enhancing productivity and safety in mining operations. The Komatsu Autonomous Haulage Vehicle’s ability to operate without a human driver, combined with its significant payload capacity and speed, positions it as a key player in the evolution of autonomous mining solutions.


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